A full pack of ice cubes or maybe heat could decrease the pain and likely give lot of relief to the patient. Accessed April 27, 2018. Muscle strain treatment depends upon an accurate diagnosis from your health professional. Of course, the nerves in that area are affected too, and because of that, the sensation of the pain is present. Muscle strains can happen to anyone. Follow an exercise program aimed at stretching and strengthening your muscles. Muscle strain occurs when a muscle becomes overstretched or works too hard. Acute strains can be caused by one event, such as using poor body mechanics to lift something heavy. If your muscle has completely torn, it's important to get immediate medical help. Elevate the injury above your heart to reduce swelling. Acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) can be helpful for pain relief during this time period. Elevate, compress, and ice it. Sprains. As soon as you feel the pain of a strained muscle, stop doing the activity that caused it and rest. You and your doctor will discuss all surgical or nonsurgical options available to repair your muscle. Muscle strains are commonly treated by primary-care providers, including family medicine doctors, internists, and general practitioners. It can be especially painful during exercise and athletic activities. Accessed April 27, 2018. A sprain is a torn ligament and a strain is torn tendon, but the results of both injuries are the same — swelling and inflammation in the area of damage. Treating a strained muscle is a four to five step process called the RICE or PRICE method. Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. A bag of frozen peas or another vegetable also works well as an ice pack. Compress the muscle with an elastic bandage. If you have a Grade I or Grade II strain, your doctor will probably recommend that you … Common Aches, Pains, and Soft Tissue Injuries. They occur in the course of normal activities of the day or as a result of sudden use of a muscle with activity. Consider using bags of frozen corn or peas, which you can bend to the muscle requiring ice. In addition, you can take a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin and other brand names) or aspirin, to ease pain and relieve swelling. Increase the intensity of your training program gradually. Rest. Follow an exercise program aimed at stretching and strengthening your leg muscles. The sooner you can get the pulled muscle above your heart, apply compression, and ice it, the better, Hamilton says. Elevate the injured leg. You can do this by putting plenty of crushed ice in a sealable plastic bag (or use a bag of frozen vegetables) and then wrap in a towel. Treatment. Take a break from the exercise, movement or activity that caused your muscle strain, then ice the area for 10-minute intervals as often as necessary. Muscles that are stronger and more flexible are less likely to be injured. Ice your muscle by using cold packs with a barrier between them and your skin four to eight times per day for 20 minutes at a time. Maintain a healthy body weight. Avoid any exercise involving the muscle and other activities that could put a strain on it. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. Take medicines, such as aspirin or ibuprofen. During exertion, you might notice a … Last medically reviewed on December 8, 2015, Strains and sprains are injuries to the soft tissues of the body. To heal a muscle strain, use a tensor bandage to compress it lightly. 2nd ed. However, there’s a small chance of taking too many painkillers or leaving an ice pack on the skin for too long. Any use of this site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. 1. Ice. For some injuries, such as a torn tendon, surgery may be considered. Chronic strains usually happen when you move the muscles and tendons the same way over and over. Properly treating muscle strain requires the right supplies and a comfortable place to rest. The extent of the treatment depends on the extent of the strain. However, for the muscle strain treatment to work, you have to apply it as soon as possible after the injury. As with many injuries, there is a balance between doing too much, or too little, early after the injury. But if you don’t know how to treat muscle knots, these lumps can lead to some not-so-fun issues down the line. Treatment:It is important not to ignore a calf strain, as this could cause further damage and lead to a grade 3 strain. Increase the intensity of your training program gradually. Grade 2 involves more severe pain and loss of strength. In mild cases, only a few muscle fibers are stretched or torn, and the muscle remains intact and strong. The individual letters of RICE stand for rest, ice, compression, and elevation. Fully immobilizing a strained muscle can contribute to muscle atrophy; small, controlled movements are ideal. Your doctor may advise you to modify your daily activities to avoid putting stress on the shoulder. People can often treat muscle strains at home and use specific exercises to speed up their recovery. Just like you occasionally do, your dog can overextend and end up with sore muscles. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Rest the muscle for at least a day. Muscle strain treatment will vary depending upon an accurate diagnosis from your health professional. Consider asking for help or taking the day off to rest the muscle and allow the body to heal and return to its natural, unstrained state. In severe cases, however, the strained muscle may be torn and unable to function properly. Stretching and light exercises to bring blood to the injured area can also be useful. Compression – wrap a bandage around the injury to support it. Home treatment may be all that is required if the injury that causes an intercostal muscle strain is not severe and symptoms are mild. Ancillary caregivers who can be involved in caring for muscle strain injuries include physical therapists, massage therapists, and chiropractors. Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit organization. Forearm tendinitis is also common with overuse. Wrapping an elastic bandage around the affected muscle is best. Apply an ice pack to the calf muscle for up to 20 minutes every hour to reduce inflammation and help get rid of the pain. This is done by treating areas of shoulder strain or muscle damage through specific therapy techniques, restoring muscles to their normal length by stretching and using the exercises for shoulder pain, and preventing factors that can cause these problems to continue. Most muscle strains happen for one of two reasons: either the muscle has been stretched beyond its limits or it has been forced to contract too strongly. "Mayo," "Mayo Clinic," "MayoClinic.org," "Mayo Clinic Healthy Living," and the triple-shield Mayo Clinic logo are trademarks of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Strains most commonly occur in the: There are several different ways to treat muscle sprains. allowing for proper time to heal from an injury, cross-training for sports by weightlifting or choosing another activity to strengthen your muscles, warming up before exercise or intense activity, eating foods high in potassium, like bananas and avocados, before exercise to prevent muscle fatigue. Rest and give it some time. You can treat most muscle strains yourself at home and don’t need to see your GP. It’s the last muscle to absorb the shock.” It’s the last muscle to absorb the shock.” If a trainer has had the opportunity to work with a client who is an avid runner, he may have observed how the client runs on the ball of his feet, or the forefoot. Other doctors who can be involved in caring for patients with muscle strains include emergency physicians, physiatrists, orthopedists, sports-medicine doctors, and rheumatologists. Answer: Rest the strained muscle and apply ice for the first few days after the injury. All rights reserved. Protect by applying an elastic bandage, sling, or splint. And so, although most muscle pain is relatively simple to diagnose and self-treat, an incredible number of people seek treatment for muscle strains that have been misdiagnosed as something else … or they have “something else” that’s been misdiagnosed as a muscle strain. Question:How do you treat a muscle strain?Answer:Rest the strained muscle and apply ice for the first few days after the injury. After icing, compress the area using an ace bandage or another kind of wrap to prevent swelling. Try a massage to loosen tense muscles and promote healing. How to use heat to help recover from calf muscle tear: To help the muscle tissue heal quicker and start the rehabilitation process, you should apply heat daily to the injured calf.
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