In the New England colonies, the Puritans built their society almost entirely on the precepts of the Bible. In Pennsylvania, a compulsory education law was passed in 1683, but it was never strictly enforced. In New England, many of these schools were started by colonial governments, but were supported and controlled by the local townspeople. The founders of the New England colonies had an entirely different mission from the Jamestown settlers. It is the New England colonies that furnish us with the first examples of the former tendency. Ask your students to name the New England colonies. Have students brainstorm some factors that might have contributed to the economic success in the New England colonies. By average man, we’re pretty much saying average person. Each region's schools and methods were tailored to teach those principles to the next generation. Because the New England colonies were largely populated by the religious dissenters that came to be known as Puritans, education was Bible-based. Therefore, New England colonies were able almost immediately to create and support a way of life that supported its intellectual needs in the midst of great difficulty. In most colonies the church was the school and town hall. The New England Colonies covered what we now know as simply New England. Girls were tutored at home in a variety of household and social skills. In the middle colonies of New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania, the wealthy hired tutors for their children. Local schools were far less common as the population was smaller and children lived very far apart, therefore most education took place in the home. Education in the Thirteen Colonies during the 17th and 18th centuries varied considerably. In the southern colonies, life was very different than life was back in England. Schools in the New England colonies … [11] Fed up with the ceremonial Church of England, Pilgrims and Puritans sought to recreate society in the manner they believed God truly intended it to be designed. Although economic prosperity was still a goal of the New England settlers, their true goal was spiritual. Southern Colonies: Family Life and Education. Education was also much more stratified according to social class here than other colonial regions. The educational legislation of these colonies shows that the various assemblies sought two main ends, namely, compulsory education and compulsory schools. Of all the New England colonies, however, Rhode Island was the only colony not to provide compulsory elementary education. Southern colonial education was much different from that of New England and the Mid-Atlantic region. This is where it all began: The Pilgrims landed on Plymouth Rock off the coast of Massachusetts, and the rest is history. The Puritans, in particular, valued education, because they believed that Satan was keeping those who couldn't read from the scriptures. Local religious groups ran the schools in the middle colonies. The New England colonies, Middle colonies, and Southern colonies each had their own principles that they deemed most important to a child's education. Puritanism in New England preserved the tradition of humanism of the mother country more than in any of the other English colonies. Boys learned skill and trade, and possibly classical languages, history and literature, math, and natural science. The average man in the southern colonies could expect to live about 35 years. We’re looking at the time period of late 1600s to early 1700s. For Kids - Kids had to go to school in Colonial Times, but school was a bit different in each of the colonies. In the Middle Colonies there was even less government intervention. New England Colonies, Public Schools: In the New England colonies, since most people lived in the towns, there were enough people to support a public school. The first contemplated a minimum of education for all children, to be given by parents, Families helped to support the schools with firewood, money, food, produce, and fish.
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